Siu Nim Tau
Chu Shong Tin
Siu Nim Tau is the basic form of Wing Chun. It comprises three specialties: (1) No need to exert force; (2) It possesses the strongest structure with the minimum use of energy; (3) It induces the release of mind force from a person.
Learning Siu Nim Tau is divided in to three stages.
Firstly, one must relax the muscles of the whole body. Then, he should infuse the spirit into the spirit so that it is maintained straight. Contracting the anus is also important because it can help different parts of the body to form a unified structure.
The second stage is to practise in a completely relaxed state. When one is fully acquainted with all the moves, he should practise every move with the mind to initiate the movement without paying attention to whether the move is correct or not. He must ensure that every movement is initiated by the mind and not by the muscle.
After completing the training of the above two stages, it now comes to practise the main point of Siu Nim Tau. This is to learn how to release the mind force and the familiarization of the automatic reaction applying to fighting.
Expressing this kind of technique on paper is just like inventing a theory without experiment. One will not believe it unless he has experienced such techniques. Luckily, with the assistance of the video , a Wing Chun learner can have a chance to fully understand the techniques.
The important points of Siu Nim Tau can be grouped as follows:
1. The structure of the moves
2. The moves to be controlled by the mind
3. The input of mind force
4. The theory of center line
(1). THE STRUCTURE OF THE MOVES
(a) The basic concept is to utilize the rotation of a circle to generate the force and to tolerate any force applied externally. This is due to the fact that anything of the same mass when in a circular shape can tolerate heavier force applied externally and generate greater driving force with minimum energy than in any other shape. The ¡¥Tan Sau¡¦, ¡¥Bong Sau¡¦ and ¡¥Fook Sau¡¦ of Siu Nim Tau are the obvious examples of applying the principle of circular motion. The practical use is to let the opponent¡¦s wrist contact on the internal side or external side of the circle. From Tan Sau to Bong Sau is to let the opponent¡¦s wrist from the internal side of the circle go to the external side of the circle go to the internal side of the circle. Fook Sau is to use the external side of the circle to contact the opponent¡¦s wrist.
(b) To use the straight line as the base of exerting force during attack. The motto of Wing Chun ¡§A straight line is the shortest distance between two points¡¨ is actually applying the principle of the straight line. This is the application of speed and force of impact. In real fighting, speed and great force of impact is of prime importance. The short distance is to reduce the attacking time whilst attacking on a straight line is to increase the striking force. The combination of a ¡§short distance¡¨ and a ¡§straight line¡¨ will result in high speed and a heavy punch.
(c) The concealed skill of the ¡§Two Adduction Stance¡¨ (Yee Chi Kim Yeung Ma). The ¡§Two Adduction Stance¡¨ fully reflects the skill in concentrating the force of impact. Because of its posture, it can concentrate the force of impact at the center line or even to the center point so that every move contains the weight of the whole body. Since the knees are slightly bent and springy, one can transfer the striking force from the wrist of the opponent to one¡¦s knees. This action can reduce the burden of the arms, thus increasing the mobile ability of the arms.